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Talkin' Pets News

October 1, 2022

Host - Jon Patch

Co-Host - Jasmine the Dog Trainer, Tampa Bay, Florida

Producer - Philip Staub

Network Producer - Jayla Green

Social Media - Bob Page

Special Guest - Terry Jones, CEO EyeVac - packs a powerful punch de-furring households - listen for a chance to win a EyeVac but also use TALKINPETS20 at EyeVac.com for 20% off

NASA is celebrating the success of humanity’s first test of a planetary defense system: crashing a spacecraft into an asteroid in order to change its orbit. NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test spacecraft, or DART, was intentionally smashed into the asteroid Dimorphos at 7:14 p.m. US Eastern time last night, spelling the end to a successful 10-month mission.

Can slamming into a space rock at 15,000 miles per hour prevent it from hitting Earth? The DART mission aims to find out.

A small camera mounted on DART livestreamed the spacecraft’s steady progress toward the 160-meter-wide asteroid, located about 6.8 million miles from Earth, back to controllers based at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. The team cheered as Dimorphos grew closer and closer, before the livestream cut out on impact with the asteroid.

The strike was “basically a bull’s-eye,” mission systems engineer Elena Adams said. You can watch the livestream for yourself to see the exact moment DART struck Dimorphos. And for a sense of scale, last year the collision was described by Tom Statler, DART’s program scientist, as a golf cart traveling at 15,000 miles an hour smashing into the side of a football stadium.

The mission, which was launched in November last year, demonstrates a way for humanity to protect itself from asteroids. While Dimorphos itself had not been on course to crash into Earth, the project demonstrates NASA’s ability to deflect similar asteroids in the future.

Researchers believe the crash could have shortened Dimorphos’s orbit by around 10 minutes, which is enough to make a significant difference to the path an asteroid travels. NASA administrator Bill Nelson called the mission an “unprecedented success for planetary defense.”

The next step is to study the asteroid using telescopes on Earth to confirm that DART’s impact altered the its orbit around a larger asteroid called Didymos.

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Humans and pets impacted by Hurricane Fiona have received relief-aid funding from the American Veterinary Medical Foundation (AVMF).

In the wake of the devastation caused by the hurricane, the charitable arm of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has provided $15,000 in funding to Puerto Rico to help with emergency response. The donation provide food, medical care, disaster relief, and emergency support for veterinarians providing care in the region.

“As a resident of Puerto Rico, I welcome any contribution to AVMF that can help those affected by Hurricane Fiona,” says the foundation’s chair, Jose Arcé, DVM, a practicing veterinarian in San Juan. “We are working closely with the Puerto Rico Veterinary Medical Association in providing aid to the areas most affected by the massive flooding that occurred.”

In addition to the hurricane’s impact on people, property, and infrastructure in Puerto Rico, pets and animals also have been affected, with many injured or lost and requiring immediate veterinary medical care or boarding, AVMF reports.

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According to the Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, the first confirmed case of monkeypox in a 4-year-old greyhound appears to verify that the viral disease can also be transmitted from humans to dogs.4 Lori M. Teller, DVM, DABVP (canine/feline), CVJ, president of AVMA provides insight on the symptoms to look out for and how to continue providing care for a sick pet as safely as possible.

She stated in a Texas A&M Today article, “Pets can become infected with monkeypox via close contact with an infected individual,” Teller said. “This can happen when a pet snuggles or sleeps in the same bed as someone who has monkeypox. The pet is at risk when exposed to the skin sores or respiratory droplets of the infected individual.” However, Teller adds that the risk of transmission remains low.

“If a human in the household contracts monkeypox and the pet has not been in contact with the person, it will be important to avoid contact for 21 days,” Teller said. “If they have been in contact, then the pet should be monitored for symptoms over the next several weeks.”4

Teller said that the symptoms of monkeypox in pets appear similar to those in people and can include skin lesions that look like blisters or pimples, fever, cough, inflamed eyes, swollen lymph nodes and a runny nose.

“Owners can wear protective gear when interacting with their pets, identify special toys or treats that can be easily cleaned to entertain their pets, and follow their veterinarian’s instructions to ensure the pet stays otherwise healthy,” Teller told Texas A&M Today.

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Massachusetts-based animal shelters took in homeless animals from Florida to help shelters hit by Hurricane Ian.

MSPCA and Northeast Animal Shelter took in dozens of homeless cats to get them out of the path of the storm and made room for other animals that were displaced by Ian.

The cats are homeless, and were already awaiting adoption at the Florida shelters before the threat of Ian.

"These cats were directly in Ian’s path, so it was essential for us to partner with other organizations, such as the ASPCA, to evacuate them as quickly as we could," said Mike Keiley, director of adoption centers and programs at the MSPCA-Angell and executive director of the Northeast Animal Shelter. "This transport ensures that both Lee County Domestic Animal Shelter and Hillsborough County Pet Resource Center are prepared to take in additional pets who could be displaced by this historic storm."

A flight sponsored by the ASPCA carrying 42 cats — 28 from the Lee County Domestic Animal Shelter and 14 from Tampa’s Hillsborough County Pet Resource Center — landed at Worcester Regional Airport on Tuesday.

The cats include kittens as young as two months and adults up to 13.

Ten cats headed to the MSPCA’s Boston adoption center, and the rest went to the Northeast Animal Shelter to complete their 48-hour quarantines.

Second Chance Animal Services in East Brookfield, Massachusetts, also welcomed about 19 cats evacuated from a Florida shelter ahead of Hurricane Ian.

The animals will be available for adoption in Massachusetts after they clear their screening protocols.

Anyone who wants to donate to help with the cats’ care can donate via this link: mspca.org/ian.

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No matter the discipline, osteoarthritis looms as a menace for performance horses. Many horse owners use nutritional supplements, such as chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine, to treat and prevent osteoarthritis, but the effectiveness of oral products remains unclear. Researchers at the University of São Paulo in Brazil investigated the progression of osteoarthritis in horses to measure the efficacy of chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine supplementation.

For this study, the researchers selected 16 sound, healthy mares with normal fetlock joints based on flexion tests, radiographs, and ultrasound examinations. They surgically induced osteoarthritis in one fore fetlock joint of each mare. Mares were then separated into two groups: those in the treatment group were given a chondroitin sulfate/glucosamine/MSM powder every 12 hours in their feed for 90 days after the surgery, and mares in the control group were not given the compound.

All horses were evaluated 30, 60, 90, and 120 days after surgery for lameness. The researchers assessed all lamenesses using the system provided by the American Association of Equine Practitioners, which includes a range of scores from 0 (no lameness) to 5 (minimal or no weight-bearing), and lameness was further measured using motion-sensor software. Researchers also recorded joint angles during the physical examination. Ultrasonographic and radiographic examinations and collection of synovial fluid for biomarker assessment were performed at these same time points. At the end of the study, researchers used arthroscopy to evaluate joints and collect samples for histopathologic analysis.

In sum, according to the researchers, “Significant differences were observed between groups in some evaluated parameters, such as visual lameness assessment, synovial concentrations of prostaglandin E2, and ultrasound examination. However, the treatment group still presented slightly improved (a nonsignificant trend) results for joint flexion angle, analysis of lameness using sensors, and histopathological analysis of chondral tissue repair.”

“Without question, osteoarthritis remains a significant problem for horses involved in athletic endeavors and, as the disease advances, is often cited as the reason performance horses can’t perform to their potential, must step down in exercise intensity, or retire from sport altogether. Preventing arthritis is also a significant horse welfare consideration as horses are being ridden and living longer,” said Peter Huntington, B.V.Sc., M.A.C.V.Sc., a veterinarian and director of nutrition at Kentucky Equine Research.

The results of this study support the use of joint supplements that contain chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine, and MSM. When choosing nutritional supplements, select products from reputable manufacturers that use high-quality ingredients, meaningful active ingredient levels, and proven formulations.

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The drug bromocriptine improves insulin sensitivity in humans. Considering the health and welfare consequences of insulin dysregulation in horses—which includes decreased insulin sensitivity—researchers hoped bromocriptine would be as beneficial to horses as it is to humans.* “Contrary to what one group of veterinary researchers hypothesized, bromocriptine actually decreased insulin sensitivity in this study. Because of this, the medication does not appear to have the complete desired effect in horses with insulin dysregulation,” explained Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D., a Kentucky Equine Research nutritionist.

Insulin dysregulation, characterized by elevated circulating insulin levels usually in conjunction with high blood sugar levels, is a central feature of equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). This syndrome is highly relevant in equine practice because horses with insulin dysregulation and EMS are at risk of developing laminitis, a serious medical condition that frequently results in loss of use and even euthanasia. “While a variety of commercially available supplements and drugs claim to improve insulin sensitivity anecdotally, few science-based pharmaceutical treatments currently exist for horses,” the researchers wrote.

For the study, 15 mature mares were recruited and underwent an oral sugar test. Eight of the horses had insulin dysregulation and seven did not. All horses were treated with bromocriptine (0.1 mg/kg via intramuscular injection) once every three days for 14 days. After the treatment period, all horses underwent a combined glucose-insulin tolerance test (a standard dynamic test for ID) as well as a feed challenge to evaluate the horses’ glucose and insulin responses. Those responses were compared to values measured at baseline, prior to bromocriptine administration.

“All horses, regardless of their insulin dysregulation status, had decreased insulin sensitivity following bromocriptine administration,” Crandell said. Despite this unexpected result, though, horses treated with bromocriptine did have some positive responses, namely an increase in adiponectin concentrations and a lower insulin response after a high-starch meal.

“Both of these results are beneficial, as adiponectin is involved in regulating glucose levels and insulin action. It is typically low in obese and insulin-resistant individuals, so an increase in concentration should help with energy regulation. The fact that insulin sensitivity increased with bromocriptine administration in light of an increase in adiponectin indicates that glucose and insulin regulation may somehow be different in horses than in humans who responded positively to this medication,” Crandell noted. In addition, horses treated with bromocriptine had a voluntary and significant decrease in grain intake but an increased hay intake, suggesting this medication might alter feed preferences in horses, directing them away from the more calorie-dense feeds.

Without effective medication, horses with insulin dysregulation and EMS are typically managed with diet and exercise. “The dietary recommendations for horses with insulin dysregulation and EMS are to feed primarily a low-nonstructural carbohydrate (<12%), forage-based diet with a ration balancer or  vitamin and mineral supplement and eliminate high-starch concentrates.”

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  • Tanzania is a high-risk country for dog rabies and it is estimated that 1,500 people die every year in Tanzania from rabies.1
  • Dogs are the main source of human rabies deaths, contributing up to 99% of all rabies transmissions to humans.2
  • From 2008 to 2014, the capital city of Tanzania, Dodoma, had 10,771 reported cases of dog bites, or 74 bites at risk of rabies transmission per 100,000 persons per year.3 With high likelihood, many more cases were unreported.
  • “Zero By 30” is the global strategic plan to end human deaths from dog-mediated rabies by 2030. To achieve this goal, international aid will be necessary.
  • IVO launches a new veterinary training program next month, including rabies vaccination campaigns, where we will vaccinate hundreds of dogs in four different communities in and around Dodoma.

International Veterinary Outreach invites you to invest in the campaign to fund it:

Do it for the #DogsOfDodoma!

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A cow herd in Germany has gained an unlikely following, after adopting a lone wild boar piglet.

Farmer Friedrich Stapel told the dpa news agency that he spotted the piglet among the herd in the central German community of Brevoerde about three weeks ago. It had likely lost its group when they crossed a nearby river.

Stapel said while he knows what extensive damage wild boars can cause, he can’t bring himself to chase the animal away, dpa reported.

The local hunter has been told not to shoot the piglet — nicknamed Frieda — and in winter Stapel plans to put it in the shed with the mother cows.

“To leave it alone now would be unfair,” he told dpa.

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At Casa Cattle Company in Maine, there are plenty of cows and calves making up a successful belted Galloway breeding program but not many bulls to be seen.

Instead, there are two cryogenic tanks in the grain room, each containing 150 vials of bull semen and 30 fertilized embryos containing genetic material from around the country.

Rather than deal with the expense and work required to maintain enough bulls to ensure the genetic diversity Ashton Caron is looking for in his herd, he has opted to instead purchase or save semen from his own prized stock to do the job.

For Caron, saving the semen means big savings and a high-tech way to weather the current economic crisis. Swapping out a bull for artificial insemination technology allows Caron to keep producing high-quality calves that can be sold at a profit while minimizing costs.

“It has become very essential,” Caron said. “With rising grain and hay costs due to COVID, we need to be able to maximize profits and minimize expenses.”

It may not be the romantic Hollywood image of the cows and bulls doing what comes naturally out on the range. But for Caron it just makes good economic sense to dip into a vial, often referred to as a straw, of semen rather than deal with an old fashioned cattle roundup when it comes time to breed a cow.

“Most people who do this — us included — can drastically increase the value of their cattle in a short time,” Caron said. “I can take a bull from the other side of the world and breed it to my cow and have those genetics without having to bring them together, which would not really be feasible.”

A healthy breeding bull can cost thousands — even tens of thousands — of dollars. Then there are the expenses of feeding, housing and keeping the animal healthy. Over the course of a year Caron said that it can run upward of $2,000 for just one animal.

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Three bulls remain on the loose more than three weeks after they broke free at the end of a rodeo in Fonda, Iowa.

A total of five bulls originally escaped over the Labor Day weekend, but two have since been caught.

"Just like a bunch of sheep. All five of them took off," said Louis Stauter, the head of the rodeo. "So, they’ve been running ever since."

The bulls have been spotted between Fonda and Pomeroy, two communities about ten miles apart.

But in addition to seeing them, it's another matter to corral a 1,800-pound animal.

"You could even take a drone and fly over a field, and you wouldn’t see them because they lay down in the daytime usually and roam at night," Stauter said.

The best chance to catch them will be at harvest, which is now happening in earnest. As the corn comes out, there will be fewer places to hide.

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As Hurricane Ian wreaked havoc on Florida, pet parents have been displaying rising concerns surrounding what to do if their pet goes missing. To better prepare them or help them look for displaced pets, Lindsay Butzer, DVM, located in Boca Raton, Florida, shared advice on the topic.

According to Butzer in an email to dvm360®, there is a good chance that someone will find your pet and bring them to a veterinary clinic or shelter nearby if they are microchipped. She advises anyone who has lost a microchipped pet to begin calling local shelters, and then all the veterinary hospitals in the area where the pet went missing.

If the pet does not have any ID tags, they still may make it home. Buzter still recommends calling shelters to see if the pet has been dropped off, if not, they might have found their way into a wooded area or different neighborhood to wait the storm out or are actively trying to get home. Being patient and waiting to see if your pet finds their way home is all you can do in this scenario.

For those who have lost a cat, Butzer explained that cats typically will stay as close to home as they can but it might take several days or months before they return home because cats can survive by eating lizards and rodents. For when they finally make their way back home or to help encourage their return, Butzer provdided the below insight.

“A tip for cat owners is to leave the garage door 5-10 inches open so their cat can sneak inside if they do find their way home. And I always recommend using the sound of rattling food in a bowl to entice your pet to come home and loudly calling for them in the distance so they can hear and recognize your voice to come home,” explained Butzer, in the email to dvm360®.

For more advice related to diaster situations with pets, check out these tips from the American Veterinary Medical Association.

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Read 37 times Last modified on Saturday, 01 October 2022 00:39
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